Distribution of large carnivores (Ursus arctos, Lynx lynx, Canis lupus) in relation to spatial and temporal changes in forests: the case of Albania (Carnivora) [Výskyt velkých šelem, medvěda hnědého (Ursus arctos), rysa ostrovida (Lynx lynx) a vlka (Canis lupus), ve vztahu k prostorovým a časovým změnám lesů: případ Albanie (Carnivora)]

Stránky 61–86
Citace KUENDA, Laze. Distribution of large carnivores (Ursus arctos, Lynx lynx, Canis lupus) in relation to spatial and temporal changes in forests: the case of Albania (Carnivora) [Výskyt velkých šelem, medvěda hnědého (Ursus arctos), rysa ostrovida (Lynx lynx) a vlka (Canis lupus), ve vztahu k prostorovým a časovým změnám lesů: případ Albanie (Carnivora)]. Lynx, nová série. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2019, 50(1), 61–86. DOI: https://doi.org/. ISSN 0024-7774 (print), 1804-6460 (online). Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/lnsr/50-1/distribution-of-large-carnivores-ursus-arctos-lynx-lynx-canis-lupus-in-relation-to-spatial-and-temporal-changes-in-forests-the-case-of-albania-carnivora-vyskyt-velkych-selem-medveda-hnedeho-ursus-arctos-rysa-ostrovida-lynx-lynx-a-vlka-canis-lupus-ve-vztahu-k-prostorovym-a-casovym-zmenam-lesu-pripad-albanie-carnivora
Lynx, nová série | 2019/50/1

Forests represent the main terrestrial habitat for the protection of endangered large carnivores in Europe. Spatial and temporal changes in the forests may critically influence the survival of large carnivore species. Aiming at modelling the distribution of the critically endangered species – Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) and the protected species – brown bear (Ursus arctos) and grey wolf (Canis lupus) in relation to the changes in forest cover in Albania, specifically, I (1) tested different hypotheses on the drivers of the probability of the species occurrence; (2) assessed potential changes in the probability of the species occurrence between 2001 and 2011 in relation to the forest cover change; and (3) analysed the probability of the species occurrence with respect to protected areas. Hypotheses based on natural habitat factors produced models with high prediction accuracy of above 76% for all large carnivore species, and the probability of their occurrence showed a negative relationship with forest cover change. The area with suitable habitat for at least one of the three large carnivore species made up 38% of the study area, and 11.7% of this area were protected.

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