50-1

2019 /50/1

ISSN: 0024-7774 (print), 1804-6460 (online)
Vedoucí redaktor: Benda Petr

Past distribution of Camelus bactrianus and Camelus dromedarius in Bulgaria: subfossil record (Artiodactyla: Camelidae) [Минало разпространение на камили (Camelus) в България: субфосилни данни (Artiodactyla: Camelidae)]

Subfossil record of the Bactrian and dromedary camels in Bulgaria includes 11 localities dated from the Antiquity to the Middle Ages (1st–12th century AD). Over 68 osteological finds (MNI=16) of both species/domestic forms are known from the present territory of the country. The majority of them…

Past distribution of Castor fiber in Bulgaria: fossil, subfossil and historical records (Rodentia: Castoridae) [Минало разпространение на евроазиатския бобър (Castor fiber) в България: фосилни, субфосилни и исторически сведения (Rodentia: Ca

The paper summarizes numerous scattered data on the former distribution of the Eurasian beaver in Bulgaria, many of them unpublished till now. Data on fossil, subfossil and subrecent records (Late Pleistocene to 19th century AD) from 43 localities situated in 19 of the total of 28 provinces, and 209…

A further new species of vesper bat from Central Africa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [Další nový druh netopýra ze střední Afriky (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)]

A new species of the vespertilionid bat genus Parahypsugo is described from Central Africa, increasing the number of species of the genus at least to five. The new taxon occurs in montane forests of Rwanda and eastern DR Congo and is larger than any other of the four known species. In skull…

Distribution of large carnivores (Ursus arctos, Lynx lynx, Canis lupus) in relation to spatial and temporal changes in forests: the case of Albania (Carnivora) [Výskyt velkých šelem, medvěda hnědého (Ursus arctos), rysa ostrovi

Forests represent the main terrestrial habitat for the protection of endangered large carnivores in Europe. Spatial and temporal changes in the forests may critically influence the survival of large carnivore species. Aiming at modelling the distribution of the critically endangered species –…

Colour of the hunters’ clothing and the alertness in Capreolus capreolus (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) [Ostražitost srnce obecného (Capreolus capreolus) na barvu loveckého oblečení (Artiodactyla: Cervidae)]

Under the so-called “hunter orange regulation”, deer hunters in North America and Scandinavia are required to wear orange garment to maximize hunter‘s safety. It is argued that this practice does not negatively impact hunting success because deer are (assumed to be) red-green colour-blind. This…

Přímorožec šavlorohý (Oryx dammah) ve světovém chovu a ve sbírkách Národního muzea v Praze (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) [Oryx dammah in zoos worldwide and in the collection of the National Museum in Prague (Artiodactyla: Bovidae)]

Twenty years after classified as extinct, the number of the scimitar-horned oryxes bred in zoos increased by 50%. In the Czech and Slovak zoos their numbers peaked during 1990–2005. The National Museum in Prague possesses 41 skeletons and 7 skins from individuals aged from 2 days to 18 years.…

Occurrence of a remarkably extensive neck collar in Apodemus flavicollis from western Bohemia, Czech Republic (Rodentia: Muridae) [Výskyt mimořádně rozsáhlého krčního límce u myšice lesní (Apodemus flavicollis) ze západních Čech (Rodentia: M

A specimen of the yellow-necked wood mouse Apodemus flavicollis possessing a remarkably extensive neck collar was trapped in the Slavkovský les Protected Landscape Area in November 2018. Some additional specimens with similar colouration were found in collections of the Karlovy Vary Museum. Detailed…

The first breeding records of Pipistrellus nathusii in Slovakia (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [Prvé doklady reprodukcie večernice parkovej (Pipistrellus nathusii) na Slovensku (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)]

Current climate changes have shifted the breeding and wintering ranges in Pipistrellus nathusii, similarly as in some other European bat species. Mainly the originally woodland species undergo the process of synurbanisation and occur more frequently in urban areas today. This short note describes…

New data on the occurrence of Panthera pardus in the Talysh Mountains, Azerbaijan (Carnivora: Felidae) [Nové údaje o výskytu levharta (Panthera pardus) v Talyšských horách, Azerbajdžan (Carnivora: Felidae)]

New data from camera traps in the Talysh Mountains (southern Azerbaijan) show that the Hirkan Forest is one of the last permanent habitats of the Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) in Transcaucasia. It hosts about 3–5 adult individuals and the species has always existed there. This is…