2001 /32/1

ISSN: 0024-7774 (print), 1804-6460 (online)
Vedoucí redaktor: Benda Petr

Hipparions (Mammalia: Equidae) from the Mio- and Pliocene of Kazakhstan, Central Asia. A review [Přehled hiparionů (Mammalia: Equidae) z miocénu a pliocénu Kazachstánu, střední Asie]

The Old World hipparions, i. e. the fossil equid genera Hipparion de Christol and Proboscidipparion Sefve, occurred in Kazakhstan from the early Late Miocene into the Middle Pliocene, or for approximately 9 Ma. In the material obtained from 13 localities in Kazakhstan here described, some 4–5…

Erster Nachweis von Lagurus lagurus (Pallas, 1773) (Mammalia, Rodentia, Arvicolidae) für das Jungpleistozän Norddeutschlands [První nález pestrušky písečné, Lagurus lagurus (Pallas, 1773) (Mammalia, Rodentia, Arvicolidae), z pozdního Pleisto

First record of Lagurus lagurus (Pallas, 1773) (Mammalia, Rodentia, Arvicolidae) from the Late Pleistocene of North Germany. Molars from a fragmentary mandible which was recently recovered from fluviatil-limnic deposits exposed in a sand pit at Zachow near Ketzin (Brandenburg), North Germany, are…

On the early history of vespertilionid bats in Europe: the Lower Miocene record from the Bohemian Massif [O rané historii netopýrů čeledi Vespertilonidae v Evropě: spodně miocénní nálezy Českého masivu]

The paper reports the bat material from three MN3–5 sites in NW Bohemia. In contrast to other samples of that age, it is composed mostly of vespertilionid bats (eight different forms can be here well distinguished). In agreement with other Oligocene and Early Miocene samples of vespertilionid bats,…

Asynchrony in mammalian biochronology [Asynchronie v savčí biochronologii]

Events in earth history may be physical (e.g., earth quakes, magnetic reversals, climate change, etc.) or biological (e.g., extinction of a species, origin of a new species, dispersal of a species to a new territory, etc.). In general, physical events in earth history are usually locally synchronous…

Zoogeography of Holocene mammals in northern Eurasia [Zoogeografie holocénních savců severní Evroasie]

Information on about 1600 Holocene mammal localities of the former Soviet Union was generalized in the form of electronic database HOLFAUNA. The computer maps of mammal ranges for the main Holocene intervals were constructed. The main features of the species composition and distribution in mammal…

The transition from hypsodonty to hypselodonty in the Mimomys savini – Arvicola lineage [Přechod od hypsodoncie k hypselodoncii u hraboší linie Mimomys savini – Arvicola]

The transition from hypsodont (high-crowned rooted) to hypselodont (rootless) molars can be observed in several lineages of arvicolids. The last vole lineage in which this transition took place is that of Mimomys savini – Arvicola. A new model is presented here, focusing on the relative significance…

The age of the Ruscinian lower boundary [Stáří spodní hranice Ruscinia]

Ruscinian locality Novaja Stanica (West Siberia) with the fauna of primitive Promimomys and Baranomys is placed at the boundary of Chron 5 and Gilbert Chron. Late Turolian Kalmakpai locality (Kazakhstan) is placed at the lower part of Chron 5. The position of these sites in the magnetochronological…

Plio-Pleistocene Insectivore Diversity in Central Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean, a Comparison (Mammalia, Lipotyphla) [Srovnání diversity plio-pleistocénních hmyzožravců střední Evropy a východního Středomoří (Mammalia, Lipotyphla)]

The twenty MN13–MN17 Mediterranean localities studied show a relatively very low to low diversity (one to eight species of lipotyphlan insectivores), when compared to the 27 localities from Central Europe (often well over 10 species of shrews only). This is explained as a result of seasonal aridity,…

Pomelomeryx gracilis (Pomel, 1853) (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Moschidae) from the Lower Miocene karstic fissure filling complex Rothenstein 10/14 (Germany, Bavaria) [Pomelomeryx gracilis (Pomel, 1853) (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Moschidae) ze spo

New rich material of the cervoid Pomelomeryx gracilis (Artiodactyla, Cervoidea) from the Lower Miocene of Europe (Agenian, MN2) is described in the context of the sedimentology, faunal composition and biochronology of the fossil site Rothenstein 10/14 (karstic fissure filling system, Germany,…

Position of reference mammal localities of the Lower Villafranchian in the magnetochronological scale [Posice referenčních savčích lokalit spodního Villafranchianu v magnetochorologickém měřítku]

The sequence of the mammalian localities of the Lower Villafranchian (LV) is defined by paleomagnetic data together with hypsodonty levels among three phyletic lineages of rhizodont voles: Mimomys, Borsodia, and Pitymimomys. The oldest LV localities (zone MN16a, zone of Mimomys hajnackensis) are…

Myocricetodontinae and Megacricetodontini (Rodentia) from the lower Miocene of NW Anatolia [Fauna podčeledi Myocricetodotinae a tribu Megacricetodontini (Rodentia) ze spodního miocénu severozápadní Anatolie (Turecko)]

The small mammal assemblage from Keseköy (MN 3) is dominated by Muroidea. Among these there is a new primitive myocricetodontine, Vallaris zappai gen. nov., sp. nov., and Megacricetodon sp. Vallaris gen. nov. is considered to be at least potentially ancestral to later myocricetodontine genera. The…

Die Pathologien des Höhlenbärenschädels aus dem Heimatmuseum in Golling an der Salzach (Salzburg, Österreich) [Patologie lebky jeskynního medvěda z Vlastivědného musea v Gollingu nad Salzachem (Solnohradsko, Rakousko)]

A pathologically altered skull of a cave bear is described. The skull is the property of the “Heimatmuseum” in Golling an der Salzach (Salzburg, Austria) and was found in the “Torrener Bärenhöhle”, cat-no.: 1335/1. It was affected by a trauma during the first years and healed so that it is not…