Úvod Periodické publikace Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 2011/19/1 Minerální asociace fosfátů z Čížové u Písku (Česká republika)
Minerální asociace fosfátů z Čížové u Písku (Česká republika)
Ivana Jebavá, Jaroslav Cícha, Jiří Sejkora
An interesting phoshate mineral assemblage was found in temporary open cut 700 m W from Čížová near Písek, southern Bohemia, Czech Republic. Fluorapatite forms abundant white veins up to 1 cm thick and white spherical aggregates in cavities; minor contents of carbonate ions were observed; its empirical formula is (Ca4.95Al0.02Mg0.01Fe0.01)Σ5.00 [(PO4)2.82(CO3)0.18]Σ3.00F0.18[F0.93(OH)0.09]Σ1.02 and refined unit-cell parameters are a 9.3607(5), c 6.8860(9) Å, V 522.53(7) Å3. Leucophosphite was found only as very rare irregular crystals and their aggregates up to 50 - 80 μm in size on hemispherical variscite; its empirical formula is (K0.82Na0.01□0.17)Σ1.00(Fe1.32Al0.61Ba0.04Ca0.02Mg0.01Cu0.01Zn0.01)Σ2.02 [(PO4)1.97 (SiO4)0.03]Σ2.00[(OH)0.70F0.03]Σ0.73. 2H2O. Meurigite-K forms rare yellow spherical aggregates up to 0.4 mm in size growing on hemispherical green natrodufrénite aggregates; its empirical formula is (K0.60Ca0.09Na0.02□0.29)Σ1.00(Fe6.72Al1.01Mg0.04 Zn0.01)Σ7.78 [(PO4)5.60(SiO4)0.25(VO4)0.11(AsO4)0.04]Σ6.00(OH)5.84 . 6.5H2O. Natrodufrénite was found as dark green to bluish green aggregates with light green or yellowish green zones forming reniform crusts (1 - 2 mm thick) on rocks; its empirical formula is (Na0.68Ca0.08□0.24)Σ1.00 (Fe2+ 0.96Zn0.03Mg0.01)Σ1.00(Fe3+ 4.42Al0.51)Σ4.93[(PO4)3.86(SiO4)0.09(AsO4)0.03(VO4)0.02]Σ4.00 (OH)5.49F0.02 . 2H2O and refined unit-cell parameters are a 25.883(6), b 5.152(1), c 13.830(3) Å, β 111.37(2)o and V 1717.2(9) Å3. Opal as the youngest mineral phase forms thin transparent colourless coatings on older phosphates and tiny irregular or dropstone-like aggregates in cavities. Perhamite was determined as irregular aggregates up to 0.2 mm in size in close association with wavellite; its empirical formula is (Ca3.03Ba0.11Mg0.07Sr0.02)Σ3.23 (Al7.65Fe0.08)Σ7.73Si2.56(P4.38 V0.06)Σ4.44O23.65(OH)14.17F0.63 . 8H2O. Turquoise forms apple green crusts (0.5 - 1 mm thick) with reniforms surface; its empirical formula is (Cu0.68□0.29Zn0.21Fe2+ 0.03Ca0.02)Σ1.00(Al5.52Fe3+ 0.48)Σ6.00[(PO4)3.35(PO3OH)0.29(SiO4)0.34(AsO4)0.01(VO4)0.01]Σ4.00 (OH)7.28F0.09 . 4H2O and unit-cell parameters are a 7.426(8), b 7.634(8), c 9.91(1) Å, α 68.67(8)o, β 69.70(8)o, γ 65.01(8)o and V 461.5(9) Å3. Two varieties of variscite was observed; variscite I with empirical formula (Al0.98Fe0.01)Σ0.99(PO4)1.00F0.01 forms massive white to bluish green aggregates up to 2 cm in weathered quartzite; and variscite II with (Al0.92Fe0.08)Σ1.00 [(PO4)0.98(VO4)0.02]Σ1.00F0.04 was found as light green hemispherical to reniform aggregates up to 1.5 mm in size forming crusts with some tens cm2 in area; both varieties belong to variscite of Messbach type with following unit-cell parameters: I a 9.894(1), b 9.6586(7), c 17.175(2) Å, V 1641.2(3) Å3; II a 9.895(6), b 9.659(4), c 17.206(7) Å and V 1645(1) Å3. Lamellar aggregates up to 0.2 mm in size probably of berlinite were observed in the centre of variscite II aggregates; its empirical formula is (Al0.81Fe0.19Ca0.01)Σ1.01[(PO4)0.99(VO4)0.01]Σ1.00F0.05. Wavellite is the most abundant phosphate in the studied mineral association, it usualy occurs as acicular crystals up to 1 cm in length forming rich spherical aggregates and veins in rock fissures. Its colour is significantly zonal, from yellowish green in the centre of aggregates through greenish blue and blue to colourless part in the marginal part. Yellow wavellite with empirical formula (Al2.78V0.10Fe0.05 K0.05)Σ2.98(PO4)2.00(OH)2.16F0.67.5H2O has unit-cell parameters a 9.6184(7), b 17.357(2), c 6.9893(9) Å, V 1166.9(2) Å3; blue wavellite (Al2.80V0.07Fe0.04K0.04)Σ2.95(PO4)2.00 (OH)1.99F0.77.5H2O and a 9.616(1), b 17.357(2), c 6.991(1) Å, V 1166.8(2) Å3; and colourless wavellite (Al2.85V0.04Fe0.03K0.03)Σ2.95(PO4)2.00(OH)2.07F0.73.5H2O and a 9.613(1), b 17.354(2), c 6.991(1) Å, V 1166.4(3)Å3, respectively. The studied assemblage of phosphates from Čížová is interpreted as young (subrecent - maximum up to some thousand years) low-temperature (up to 10o C) association; and its origin is connected with weathering of graphite quartzites in depth of few metres under the present surface.