Historie chovu a výskytu paovce hřivnaté (Ammotragus lervia) v České republice [History of keeping and occurrence of the Barbary Sheep (Ammotragus lervia) in the Czech Republic]
Miloš Anděra , Lenka Václavová
The paper summarises data on the history and breeding of the Barbary sheep in the zoological gardens of the Czech Republic, and data available on the free-living population in the Plzeň District in the 1970s to 1990s. This population originated through repeated escapes of the Barbary sheep from the Plzeň Zoo in 1976 through 1987 in the western part of the Plzeň-sever District. Until the mid-1990s, the sheep irregularly moved over an area covering 5 mapping quadrats (6044, 6144, 6145, 6245, 6246), attaining the larged number of almost 50 head. The populations appeared to be viable in the wild. Initially, the sheep were not very shy and gradually attained the habits and responses of free-living animals. The sheep, divided into several groups, mostly stayed in a terrain of steep slopes locally with rocky formations, lying at 380 to 420 metres above sea level, predominantly grown with secondary, rather young pine-oak woodland. This free-living population ceased to exist after 1991 when it was decided to completely remove the Barbary sheep from free nature. The last reliable evidence is an adult female shot in August, 1994. The subsequent record of the Barbary sheep NE of Plzeň (1999–2000) was due to several sheep that had escaped from a newly established game sanctuary at the boundary between the Rokycany and Rakovník districts (mapping quadrats 5949, 6048, and 6148).