‘Cenoceras islands’ in the Blue Lias Formation (Lower Jurassic) of West Somerset, UK: nautilid dominance and influence on benthic faunas
|Klíčová slova||Cenoceras, nautilids, benthic, sclerobionts, Watchet, Sinemurian|
|Citace||EVANS, David H. a KING, Andy H.. ‘Cenoceras islands’ in the Blue Lias Formation (Lower Jurassic) of West Somerset, UK: nautilid dominance and influence on benthic faunas. Fossil Imprint / Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B – Historia Naturalis. Prague: National Museum, 2019, 75(1), 108-119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/if-2019-0009. ISSN 2533-4050 (tisk), 2533-4069 (online). Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicals/fiamnpsbhn/75-1/cenoceras-islands-in-the-blue-lias-formation-lower-jurassic-of-west-somerset-uk-nautilid-dominance-and-influence-on-benthic-faunas|
Substantial numbers of the nautilid Cenoceras occur in a stratigraphically limited horizon within the upper part of the Lower Jurassic (Sinemurian Stage) Blue Lias Formation at Watchet on the West Somerset Coast (United Kingdom). Individual nautilid conchs are associated with clusters of encrusting organisms (sclerobionts) forming ‘islands’ that may have been raised slightly above the surrounding substrate. Despite the relatively large numbers of nautilid conchs involved, detailed investigation of their preservation suggests that their accumulation reflects a reduction in sedimentation rates rather than an influx of empty conches or moribund animals. Throughout those horizons in which nautilids are present in relative abundance, the remains of ammonites are subordinate or rare. The reason for this unclear, and preferential dissolution of ammonite conchs during their burial does seem to provide a satisfactory solution to the problem.