48-1

2017 /48/1

ISSN: 0024-7774 (print), 1804-6460 (online)
Vedoucí redaktor: Benda Petr

První nálezy a fenologie netopýra Saviova (Hypsugo savii) na Děčínsku (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [First findings and phenology of Hypsugo savii in the Děčín District, Czech Republic (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)]

As a part of the bat research in the Děčín district (northern Bohemia, Czech Republic), two automatic detectors were installed at two locations, i.e. in the Labe (Elbe) river canyon near Hřensko and at the Pavlínka pond near Jetřichovice, for a period from April to September 2016. The acoustic…

The effects of landscape structure and road topography on mortality of mammals: A case study of two different road types in Central Slovakia [Vplyv štruktúry krajiny a topografie cesty na mortalitu cicavcov: prípadová štúdia z dvoch typov ciest na stredno

The magnitude, composition, temporal and spatial patterns of mammal road mortality were assessed along some sections of two different road types (I/51 and R1) connecting the towns of Banská Bystrica, Zvolen and Banská Štiavnica (Central Slovakia). Road kills were surveyed using a car, three or four…

Savci Plánického hřebene, jihozápadní Čechy [Mammals of the Plánický hřeben ridge, south-western Bohemia, Czech Republic]

We report on the results of a short-term research of mammals of the Plánický hřeben ridge, a mountain range in south-western Bohemia. Altogether, 62 species of mammals (68.1% of the mammalian fauna of the Czech Republic) have been recorded (eight eulipotyphlans, 18 bats, 15 rodents, 13 carnivores,…

Bats of the El Kala Biosphere Reserve, northeastern Algeria (Chiroptera) [Netopýři Biosferické reservace El Kala v severovýchodním Alžírsku (Chiroptera)]

Twelve bats species representing four families (Rhinolophidae, Miniopteridae, Vespertilionidae, and Molossidae) were recorded in sites representing nine different habitats of the El Kala Biosphere Reserve and its vicinity in northeastern Algeria. Myotis emarginatus showed the highest frequency, it…

Výskyt velkých šelem – rysa ostrovida (Lynx lynx), vlka obecného (Canis lupus) a medvěda hnědého (Ursus arctos) – a kočky divoké (Felis silvestris) v České republice a na západním Slovensku v letech 2012–2016 (Carnivora) [Occur

In the last decades, large carnivores – the grey wolf (Canis lupus), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) and brown bear (Ursus arctos), and to a certain extent also the wildcat (Felis silvestris) – have increased their distribution ranges throughout Europe. Monitoring of their current distribution and…

Biomonitoring of persistent organic pollutants in Egypt using Taphozous perforatus (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae) [Biomonitoring persistentních organických škodlivin v Egyptě s využitím hrobkovce egyptského (Taphozous perforatus) (Chiroptera:

Organochlorine pesticides (OCP) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a group of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that have chronic toxicity, tendency to contaminate the environment, and transfer into the food chain. This study was conducted to explore the use of bats as bioindicators to help…

Přehled poznatků o prostorové aktivitě a možnostech překonávání dopravních komunikací losa (Alces alces) a jelena lesního (Cervus elaphus) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) [Spatial activity and road crossing abilities in Alces alces and Ce

This review focuses on the aspects of biology of the elk (Alces alces) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) related to disturbance and barrier effect of highways. The information concerning home range size, migratory and dispersal movements and susceptibility to anthropogenic disturbances as well as…

Methods for measuring mammalian personalities: In which animals and how accurately can we quantify it? [Metody měření personality savců: U kterých zvířat a jak přesně ji dokážeme měřit?]

The study of personality, and individual differences in behaviour has experienced a steady rise in popularity in the past years. In this review and meta-analysis, we aim to introduce the concept of personality and related phenomena. A behavioural trait should meet two basic conditions to be…

První nálezy dvou druhů netopýrů, vrápence velkého (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) a netopýra vroubeného (Pipistrellus kuhlii), v Pošumaví (Chiroptera) [First records of two bat species, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Pipistrellus kuhli

Two bat species, the Greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferruequinum) and Kuhl’s pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) were recorded in the foothills of the Šumava Mts. (Bohemian Forest), south-western Bohemia, for the first time. An adult female of R. ferrumequinum was found dead in a cellar of the…

Masové zimoviště netopýra hvízdavého (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) v obtokovém kanálu vodního díla Slapy (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [Mass hibernaculum of Pipistrellus pipistrellus in a bypass tunnel of the Slapy water reservoir, Czech Repu

The bat hibernaculum, situated on the right bank of the Vltava river near Třebenice, approximately 300 metres under the dam of the Slapy water reservoir (49,82232913° N, 14,43661106° E), was discovered in 2010. The bats use a bypass tunnel quarried in 1949–1951 during the construction of the dam.…

První nález netopýra vroubeného (Pipistrellus kuhlii) v Čechách (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [First record of Pipistrellus kuhlii in Bohemia, Czech Republic (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)]

The Kuhl’s pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) was recorded in Bohemia for the first time. An adult female was found in a house in the Hradec Králové town during reconstruction on 18 January 2016. The bat was transported to a wildlife rescue station in Jaroměř and kept until April, then it was…

Conspicuous body markings in infant Myotis emarginatus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [Výrazné zbarvení srsti mláďat netopýra brvitého (Myotis emarginatus) (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)]

Pups of Myotis emarginatus exhibit bold markings in their natal coat. They consist of a neck band, a dorsal middle stripe, and a diamond-shaped spot in the distal part of the back. Furthermore, the posterior side of the ears shows a conspicuous pattern. These markings slowly disappear in the course…

Bělozubka bělobřichá (Crocidura leucodon) na hřebeni Krušných hor: výškové maximum pro Českou republiku (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae) [Crocidura leucodon in the Krušné hory Mts., northern Bohemia: highest altitude record in the Czech Republic (E

The bicoloured white-toothed shrew (Crocidura leucodon) was found near the railway station at Horní Blatná, Krušné hory Mts., 870 m a. s. l., on 10 September 2017. It is the highest altitude record of C. leucodon in the Czech Republic, where this species is considered to be a typical inhabitant of…

Mimořádně úzká genetická základna chovu koní Převalského (Equus przewalskii) (Perissodactyla: Equidae) [An extremely low gene pool for breeding of Equus przewalskii (Perissodactyla: Equidae)]

Only 62 individuals of the Przewalski’s horse (Equus przewalskii) were brought from the wild to captivity during the period of the known existence of their wild population (1881 – ca. 1968), 24 males and 30 females in 1899–1903; 1 male and 4 females in 1942–1945; 1 male and 2 females in 1947. Of…