Přístupy k historické architektuře v českých muzeích v přírodě

Stránky 27-39
DOI 10.37520/mmvp.2019.012
Klíčová slova open-air museums, historic preservation, museology, vernacular architecture, architecture, craft, authenticity, originality
Typ článku Recenzovaný článek
Citace BRYOL, Radek. Přístupy k historické architektuře v českých muzeích v přírodě. Muzeum: Muzejní a vlastivědná práce. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2019, 57(2), 27-39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/mmvp.2019.012. ISSN 1803-0386. Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/mmavdpc/57-2/pristupy-k-historicke-architekture-v-ceskych-muzeich-v-prirode
Muzeum: Muzejní a vlastivědná práce | 2019/57/2

Open-air museums have been a part of the European museology for about one and a half century and it has been an architectural object that has been the main and defining element of this type of museum since the beginning. However, the importance of the buildings varies not only with the specific state of the society and of the relevant field, but also with the current state of museum institutions. Accordingly, the approach to the very matter of buildings and their craftsmanship is also varying. Possible reconstructive construction works are influenced not so much by finances as by the insufficient methodological base, the lack of qualified museum specialists, and especially by the lack of quality craftsmen. The importance of buildings is also determined by the primary mission of the open-air museums, which are ideally a comprehensive reconstruction of the historic environment, where the building can become, despite its importance, only one of the elements. It is on the construction objects where a number of values are preserved, represented by specific details both on the material and intangible (technological) level. Very important is also the role of an open-air museum as a model, an authority for many private owners of the heritage monuments.

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