O posmrtné historii mozku historika a politika Františka Palackého
|Klíčová slova||History of collections, natural history collections, National Museum (Prague)|
|Typ článku||Recenzovaný článek|
|Citace||BENDA, Petr, FULÍNOVÁ, Eliška, KUŽELKA, Vítězslav a BĚLIČOVÁ, Milena. O posmrtné historii mozku historika a politika Františka Palackého. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2021, 190(1), 5–44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/jnmpnhs.2021.002. ISSN 1802-6842 (print), 1802-6850 (electronic). Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/jotnmpnhs/190-1/o-posmrtne-historii-mozku-historika-a-politika-frantiska-palackeho|
František Palacký (1798–1876), a historian and politician, was one of the most eminent personalities of the Czech society of the 19th century. He died on 26 May 1876 in Prague and on 30 May 1876, in the evening before the burial, the Palacký’s head was dissected and his brain was extracted and preserved as a liquid preparation. Then, it was deposited in the Museum of the Kingdom of Bohemia (present National Museum) in Prague; currently it is stored in a jar concealed in a wall niche of a column (next to a large statue of Palacký) in the Pantheon hall of the historical building of the National Museum on the Wenceslaus square in Prague. The investigation of the Museum archive brought some documents which elucidate certain parts of the history of the Palacký’s brain preparation, although its whereabouts during other periods still remain hidden. For several years after its extraction, the Palacký’s brain was deposited in the Museum library, and between the years 1878–1899 (most probably in 1892 at the latest), it was handed over to the Department of Zoology of the Museum, where it remained until 1931. Next fate of the brain is uncertain until 1958, when it was installed in the wall niche in the Pantheon hall, where it remains till now (with an interruption in the last five years), but again under the responsibility of the Department of Zoology and Department of Anthropology, respectively.