Poprvé na scéně. K premiéře Dvořákovy Rusalky v Národním divadle v roce 1901
|Antonín Dvořáka, Rusalka, opera, Karel Kovařovic, premiere
|VEJVODOVÁ, Veronika. Poprvé na scéně. K premiéře Dvořákovy Rusalky v Národním divadle v roce 1901. Muzeum: Muzejní a vlastivědná práce. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2022, 60(2), 39–51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/mmvp.2022.016. ISSN 1803-0386. Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/muzeum-muzejni-a-vlastivedna-prace/60-2/poprve-na-scene-k-premiere-dvorakovy-rusalky-v-narodnim-divadle-v-roce-1901
The study brings a new perspective and unknown facts about the world premiere of Dvořák’s most famous opera Rusalka, which was first performed on 31 March 1901 at the National Theatre in Prague. Through previously unheeded sources and literature, the text provides a detailed description of the circumstances of the premiere and the dramatic situation in the management of the National Theatre, which underwent a major change in 1900. The premiere of Rusalka was given exceptional care by the theatre: the composer attended rehearsals of the orchestra led by the newly elected head of the opera, Karel Kovařovic, who had a reputation as an excellent conductor. Great attention was also paid to the costume and stage design. However, the premiere was jeopardised on the day of its performance by the main character of the prince, the European renowned tenor Karel Burian, who cancelled the performance on the same day. He was replaced by Bohumil Pták, who, according to his recollection of these events, had studied the role with Burian. The issue of the premiere of Rusalka also opens up the topic of the relationship between Kovařovic and Dvořák, two prominent figures of Czech opera at the end of the 19th century, which is discussed against the background of the later so-called struggle for Dvořák (1913).