Svaz československého díla: muzeum jako platforma modernizace
|decorative arts, museum, the Association of the Czechoslovak Werkbund, modernization, the Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague
|KNOBLOCH, Iva. Svaz československého díla: muzeum jako platforma modernizace. Muzeum: Muzejní a vlastivědná práce. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2019, 57(1), 15-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/mmvp.2019.003. ISSN 1803-0386. Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/mmavdpc/57-1/svaz-ceskoslovenskeho-dila-muzeum-jako-platforma-modernizace
The text demonstrates the metamorphosis of the new platform of modernization of the industrial society: The European Network of Museums of Decorative Arts in the second half of XIXth century. After the foundation of German Werkbund in 1907, the new wave of a reform movement concerning the quality of manufactured objects of everyday use arose, embracing both artistic and economic aims. Museums played an important role as a mediator of synergy between art and business. The formative task of the museums was the education in the matters of aesthetics and good taste, inspired by Deutscher Werkbund initiative: Gustav Edmund Pazaurek’s Department of Aesthetic Aberrations in Stuttgart and The German Museum of Art in Trade and Industry in Hagen. These strategies had influenced the museums in the Czech lands after the foundation of the Association of the Czechoslovak Werkbund and its cooperation with The Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague. Under Karel Herain, the director of the museum, the activism had been focused on art contests, exhibitions of local contemporary works, the industrial production and the networking with the contemporary producers abroad. The collaboration with the Swedish Werkbund in the 1930’s and the personality of Hugo Steiner-Prag reveal unusual and complex concepts of modernity in the core of the Association of the European Werkbund.