Asijské umění a umělecké řemeslo ve sbírce Západočeského muzea v Plzni
|West Bohemian Museum in Pilsen, museum collection, museum history, Asian decorative art, Chinese art, Japanese art, Islamic art, exhibition, Josef Škorpil
|MLEZIVA, Jindřich. Asijské umění a umělecké řemeslo ve sbírce Západočeského muzea v Plzni. Muzeum: Muzejní a vlastivědná práce. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2019, 57(1), 3-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/mmvp.2019.002. ISSN 1803-0386. Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/mmavdpc/57-1/asijske-umeni-a-umelecke-remeslo-ve-sbirce-zapadoceskeho-muzea-v-plzni
The collection of the West Bohemian Museum in Pilsen includes significant examples of artworks and decorative arts from Asia. The history of this collection dates back to the last quarter of the 19th century, when these items were a part of a collection of the West Bohemian Museum of Decorative Arts in Pilsen. The first director of the museum, architect Josef Škorpil (1856–1931), contributed to the creation of the decorative arts collection and the acquisition of objects from the Far and Middle East. Thanks to its acquisition activities throughout Europe, a significant decorative arts collection was established in Pilsen. Its importance goes beyond the Pilsen region. The concept of creating this collection was in accordance with the emergence of decorative arts museums in Europe. The collection, together with the Asian objects, was presented to the public as a part of an exposition opened in 1913. Today, the Asian collection consists of Chinese and Korean objects, mainly ceramics and porcelain, as well as exceptionally well-preserved textiles from the late Qing Dynasty. The Japanese portable Buddhist altar zushi or a set of Japanese woodblock prints of the ukiyo-e style are among the most unique acquisitions. A relatively modest set of items from the Middle East includes typical examples of decorative arts from Iran, Turkey or Syria. The objects are still a popular subject of research and have also become a part of the new decorative arts permanent exhibition of the museum that was opened in 2017.