2011 /42/1

ISSN: 0024-7774 (print), 1804-6460 (online)
Vedoucí redaktor: Benda Petr

First record of Miniopterus schreibersii in the Czech Republic (Chiroptera: Miniopteridae) [První nález létavce stěhovavého (Miniopterus schreibersii) v České republice (Chiroptera: Miniopteridae)]

On 21 April 2011, an adult male of the Schreibers’ bat (Miniopterus schreibersii) was caught in the Hranická propast (Hranická Chasm, 49° 32’ N, 17° 45’ E, 315 m a. s. l., Hranice na Moravě, Přerov District), from a crevice of the chasm wall above a pond. This record represents the first evidence of…

Notes on somatic proportions of Canis lupus from eastern Slovakia (Carnivora: Canidae) [Poznámky k biometrickým údajom populácie vlka eurázijského (Canis lupus) z východného Slovenska (Carnivora: Canidae)]

The paper presents the results of biometric research of the Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus) from eastern Slovakia. The data were excerpted from catalogue cards and protocols of the Šariš Museum in Bardejov and the Regional Museum in Prešov. Basic somatic traits were evaluated for 42 individuals. For…

Soil characteristics at Spermophilus citellus localities in the Czech Republic (Rodentia: Sciuridae) [Charakteristika půd na lokalitách sysla obecného (Spermophilus citellus) v České republice (Rodentia: Sciuridae)]

Many rodent species, including ground squirrels, inhabit underground burrows used as a shelter for night, protection from predators and adverse weather, for reproduction or hibernation. Although soil is an important part of environment of the critically endangered Spermophilus citellus, almost no…

Drobní savci ve vývržcích sov na Moravě a ve Slezsku (Eulipotyphla, Chiroptera, Rodentia) [Small mammals in the owl pellets in Moravia and Silesia, Czech Republic (Eulipotyphla, Chiroptera, Rodentia)]

The occurrence of small mammals (Eulipotyphla, Chiroptera, Rodentia) was studied in pellets of six owl species (Bubo bubo, Strix aluco, Asio otus, Tyto alba, Aegolius funereus, and Glaucidium passerinum) collected in several regions of Moravia and Silesia in 1970–2010. The analysis yielded remnants…

Vegetation of Spermophilus citellus localities in the Czech Republic (Rodentia: Sciuridae) [Vegetace na lokalitách sysla obecného (Spermophilus citellus) v České republice (Rodentia: Sciuridae)]

The European ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus) is a typical inhabitant of the steppe but it also occurs in a variety of man-made habitats such as pastures, lawns or sports fields. In our study we attempt to present a complete survey of vegetation types and environmental conditions on recent…

Causes of deaths of Lutra lutra in the Czech Republic (Carnivora: Mustelidae) [Příčiny smrti vydry říční (Lutra lutra) v České republice (Carnivora: Mustelidae)]

Causes of mortality of the Eurasian otter in the Czech Republic were studied by the analysis of found carcasses. Most of the carcasses were accidentally found in the environment. Altogether 316 cadavers were analysed from 1990 to 2011. A part of the analysed data was obtained from older databases…

Traces of chewing bark and wood? – A microwear study of Castor fiber (Rodentia: Castoridae) [Stopy po žvýkání kůry a dřeva? – Mikroskopická studie obrusu u bobra evropského (Castor fiber) (Rodentia: Castoridae)]

Tooth microwear analysis has been used repeatedly in the last decades to reconstruct diets of fossil mammals in comparison to recent ones and works well if the modern analogue has a characteristic miocrowear pattern. Here the microwear pattern of cheek teeth in several enamel bands of 20 specimens…

Methodological aspects of monitoring of large mammals along traffic corridors: A case study (Lagomorpha, Carnivora, Artiodactyla) [Různé metodické aspekty sledování velkých savců podél dopravních koridorů: Případová studie (Lagomorpha, Carnivora, Artiodac

Roads comprise an extensive network in the Czech Republic that fragments the landscape. Such linear structures significantly and negatively affects wildlife and animal populations, and influences the appearance and structure of habitats. This study was aimed to monitor the occurence of lagomorphs,…

Drobní zemní savci severní části Českomoravské vrchoviny (Eulipotyphla, Rodentia) [Small terrestrial mammals of the northern parts of the Českomoravská vrchovina Highland, Czech Republic (Eulipotyphla, Rodentia)]

The paper gives detailed information on the occurrence of small mammals in the northern parts of the Českomoravská vrchovina Highlands [the study area of about 5,000 km2 is roughly defined as a territory situated north of the D1 highway (Praha–Brno)]. Besides the results of the intensive field work…

Occurrence of Crocidura leucodon in plantings of forest trees in southern Moravia, Czech Republic (Soricomorpha: Soricidae) [Výskyt bělozubky bělobřiché (Crocidura leucodon) ve výsadbách lesních dřevin jižní Moravy (Soricomorpha: Soricidae)]

In 2007, within the study of small mammals in plantings of forest trees in floodplain forests of southern Moravia, a rather considerable number of individuals of the bicolored shrew (Crocidura leucodon) was caught. The population made up a dominant or even eudominant component within the local…

Observation of daylight migration of Nyctalus noctula in NE Ukraine (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) [Наблюдение дневной миграции вечерниц (Nyctalus noctula) в СВ Украине (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)]

Daylight migration of several groups of noctule bats (Nyctalus noctula) was observed in the Kharkov region, Ukraine, in September 2010. The bats were foraging above steppe slopes and were moving from the north-east to the south-west. It is the first evidence of such unusual behavior of bats in NE…

Mimořádně výrazný campylorrhinus lateralis u domácího koně (Perrisodactyla: Equidae) [Extraordinarily conspicuous campylorrhinus lateralis in a domestic horse (Perrisodactyla: Equidae)]

A skull of a mare of the domestic horse with an extraordinarily developed wry nose (campylorrhinus lateralis) is deposited in the collection of the National Museum Prague (NMP 21920). The origin of the skull is unknown, the dimensions of the skull indicate adult age of the specimen. The whole…

České názvy živočichů. Savci (Mammalia). Dodatek 2 – jelenovití (Cervidae), kabarovití (Moschidae) a kančilovití (Tragulidae) [Czech names of animals. Mammals (Mammalia). Appendix 2 – deer (Cervidae), musk deer (Moschidae), and mouse deer (Tragulidae)]

This article includes Czech names of all known species of three families of even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla). The main reasons that made us compile this review were taxonomic changes in several species and descriptions of new species, which were published during the last years. Mostly, we used the…