Sokolské jednoty Čechů z Volyně
|Sokol, Volyně Czechs, Sokol Associations, Volyně, Physical Education
|ŠTĚPÁNEK, Ondřej. Sokolské jednoty Čechů z Volyně. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae – Historia. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2019, 73(1-2), 15–31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/amnph.2019.003. ISSN 2570-6845 (print), 2570-6853 (online). Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/acta-musei-nationalis-pragae-historia/73-1-2/sokolske-jednoty-cechu-z-volyne
The fundamental purpose of this article is to contribute towards mapping out the hitherto largely neglected development and significance of one of the most important aspects of the community life of emigrants from the Czech Lands settled in the area of Volyně – known as the Volyně Czechs. The article deals with their Sokol Physical Education Associations, from their initial foundation in the 1870s to the activities of the Czechs of Volyně in the aftermath of World War II subsequent to their re-emigration to Czechoslovakia. Particular attention is devoted to the inter-war period, during which the Associations achieved their greatest expansion in Volyně. They helped not only to develop physical fitness but also towards the upbringing of the youth, strengthening their Czech consciousness and sense of belonging to their historical homeland. Despite the fact that their activities would later become complicated and indeed rendered impossible by the Polish and Soviet authorities, the Sokol Associations left an important mark – still remembered in various places within the region, and to which present-day associations hark back.