Muzejní teorie a praxe v první polovině 20. století: příklad Jana Hofmana
The art historian, conservationist and museum worker Jan Hofman (1883–1945), one of the leading lights in interwar heritage preservation in Czechoslovakia, is an overlooked figure in historical museology. As an art historian he followed the Viennese school of art history, and at the same time got to know the German authorities (from the group around Museumskunde magazine and German museum conventions), whom he portrayed for Czech readers. This powerful methodiccal influence was reflected in Hofman’s concept of the modern museum, which would combine science and popularisation, be rigidly organised, with collections sorted and presented in the form of permanent exhibitions and at the same time as study depositories, and which would engage in its own, systematic publication work. In line with the theoretical principles of the time he transformed the Waldes Museum (a collection of buttons and clothes fasteners) in Prague- Vršovice, opened to the public in 1918. During the First Republic he lived in Slovakia, where he headed the Government Commissariat for the Protection of Monuments and lectured in museology at the Faculty of Philosophy of Comenius University in Bratislava. His activities and texts on the topic of museums must be seen as a distinctive contribution to museum theory and practice in the Czech lands in the first half of the 20th century.