Introduction Periodicals Journal of the National Museum. History Series 2014/183/3-4 Ženské světové hry
Ženské světové hry
|Citation||SCHŮTOVÁ, Jitka. Ženské světové hry. Journal of the National Museum. History Series. Prague: National Museum, 2014, 183(3-4), 15–20. ISSN 1214-0627. Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/jotnmhs/183-3-4/zenske-svetove-hry|
The beginnings of women’s sport at the end of the 19th century brought fears of the damaging impact of competition on women’s health, and this opinion continued to persist even after the First World War, when women’s athletics began to get going. Nevertheless, from the 1920s we can observe a marked transformation of women’s athletics – from changes in sportswear and footwear to track shoes, through the founding of national associations of women’s sports to the creation of the International Women’s Sports Federation and the organisation of regular international games. European women’s athletics was shaped and organised with Czechoslovakia making a large contribution: it was one of the four founders of the International Women’s Sports Federation, hosted the third Women’s World Games, and Czech female athletes held many world women’s records. Before the war, these developments led to the incorporation of women’s athletics within the International Athletics Federation, which until then had been the sole domain of men, and the holding of the first European Women’s Athletics Championships.