‘Deo Magno Mercurio Adoravit…’ – The Latin Language and Its Use in Sacred Spaces and Contexts in Roman Egypt
|Klíčová slova||Roman Egypt, Latin, religion, temples, honorary inscriptions, votive inscriptions, visitors’ graffiti, funerary inscriptions|
|Typ článku||Recenzovaný článek|
|Citace||HONZL, Jiří. ‘Deo Magno Mercurio Adoravit…’ – The Latin Language and Its Use in Sacred Spaces and Contexts in Roman Egypt. Annals of the Náprstek Museum. Praha: Národní muzeum, 2021, 42(2), 15–30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/anpm.2021.006. ISSN 0231-844X (print), 2533-5685 (online). Dostupné také z: https://publikace.nm.cz/periodicke-publikace/annals-of-the-naprstek-museum/42-2/deo-magno-mercurio-adoravit-the-latin-language-and-its-use-in-sacred-spaces-and-contexts-in-roman-egypt|
The use of Latin in the multilingual society of Roman Egypt was never more than marginal. Yet, as a language of the ruling power, the Roman Empire, Latin enjoyed to some extent a privileged status. It was generally more widely applied in the army, as well as on some official occasions, and in the field of law. Less expectably, various Latin inscriptions on stone had religious contents or were found in sacred spaces and contexts. Such texts included honorary and votive inscriptions, visitors’ graffiti, and funerary inscriptions. All three groups are surveyed and evaluated focusing especially on their actual relation to the religious sphere and social background, noting both continuity and changes of existing practices and traditions. Such analysis of the inscriptions allows to draw conclusions not only regarding the use of Latin in religious matters in Egypt but also reveal some aspects of the use of Latin in Egypt in general and the role of Roman culture in the Egyptian society.