Hornolužický měnový systém počátkem 40. let 16. století
|Keywords||monetary system, accounting unit, mark, gulden, Upper Lusatia, 1544|
|Type of Article||Peer-reviewed|
|Citation||VOREL, Petr. Hornolužický měnový systém počátkem 40. let 16. století. Numismatické listy. Prague: National Museum, 2020, 75(1-4), 178–184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37520/nl.2020.014. ISSN 0029-6074. Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/numismaticke-listy/75-1-4/hornoluzicky-menovy-system-pocatkem-40-let-16-stoleti|
The article deals with the issue of a real circulating coins and accounting units used at the beginning of the 1540s in the Upper Lusatia. As a main source served the account books of the Vienna Court Chamber from 1543–1544. They preserve both the conversion of the purchasing power of the coins used by the Upper Lusatian estates and towns to pay the tax obligation for the military campaign against the Turks, as well as the conversion of the monetary units used in the payment system of Upper Lusatia at that time. This documentation shows that the Upper Lusatian Mark, which was divided into 48 small groats, was the equivalent to 56 kreuzers in the Austrian currency. The second main unit of currency was the Upper Lusatian Gulden, which was converted into the main Austrian unit of currency, the “Rhenish guldens”, at the rate of 14 Rhenish guldens = 15 Upper Lusatian Guldens. At Upper Lusatia of that time, the silver thaler was worth 63 Upper Lusatian small groats (70 kreuzers) and the Hungarian gold ducat valued 93 Upper Lusatian small groats (105 kreuzers). The gradual unification of monetary units in all the Lands of the Bohemian Crown and in the Habsburg Hereditary Lands cannot be traced earlier than after 1547.