The Works of Jakub Jan Ryba in the Collections of the National Museum
|Keywords||Jakub Jan Ryba, Filip Schmelzer, Ferdinand Brož, Ondřej Florník, Rožmitál, autobiographies, 18th/ 19th Century, schoolmasters’ music|
|Citation||KABELKOVÁ, Markéta. The Works of Jakub Jan Ryba in the Collections of the National Museum. Musicalia. Journal of the Czech Museum of Music / Časopis Českého muzea hudby . Prague: National Museum, 2015, 7(1-2), 87-114. ISSN 1803-7828 (Print), 2533-5634 (Online). Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/mjotcmom/7-1-2/the-works-of-jakub-jan-ryba-in-the-collections-of-the-national-museum|
Jakub Jan Ryba (1765-1815) composed over 1,400 works, but only about a third of them have been preserved down to the present. The article reports about music with Ryba’s compositions held by several departments of the National Museum. This involves ca. 640 pieces of musical material, some of which exist in multiple specimens - copies from the first half of the 19th century are predominant, and there are numerous autograph manuscripts but fewer printed éditions. Among the most significant contributions were donations from Ferdinand Brož and Filip Schmelzer, who taught in Rožmitál in the 19th Century (Schmelzer’s donations included the oldest source for the Czech Christmas Mass) and a set of Ryba’s works from the collection of Ondřej Florník. The museum had acquired most of the music, consisting predominantly of sacred works, by the second decade of the 20th Century in the form of donations, while more music was obtained in the 1950s after it had been confiscated, and purchases of music first appeared in the latter half of the 20th Century.