Příspěvek k poznání problematiky obnovy politického stranictví v Československu po druhé světové válce / Paper on state of knowledge of restoration of political party affiliation in Czechoslovakia after World War II
The study deals with the transformations of Czechoslovak political party affiliation after World War II, beginning with the political meetings of exile politicians still in the war time, when the picture of future post-war arrangements was taking form, and the idea of the National Front was being formulated as an umbrella organisation for political forces that had done the most in the resistance movement. After the war, three socialist parties and a people’s one were restored in the Czech Lands; the Democratic Party and the Communist Party were restored in Slovakia. The communist party representatives confirmed their strong negotiating position already then. Whether or not to restore the agrarian party (or any other right-wing parties) became an intensely debated issue, with the final decision being not to restore it. Other attempts at establishing other citizen political parties led to similar ends. The paper also pays attention to the failed attempts at restoring Czech political parties in Slovakia (such as the people’s party and the national socialists). The Labour Party and the Liberty Party were formed additionally in Slovakia in the spring of 1946, which completed the Slovak party system.