Zlatý poklad z Prahy-Josefova, U starého hřbitova čp. 248. K nálezům dukátů předjagellonské doby v Praze / Golden hoard found in Prague-Josefov, U starého hřbitova No. 248. Notes to finds of ducats from the pre-Jagiellon period in Prague
Luboš Polanský, Marek Budaj
|Citation||POLANSKÝ, Luboš a BUDAJ, Marek . Zlatý poklad z Prahy-Josefova, U starého hřbitova čp. 248. K nálezům dukátů předjagellonské doby v Praze / Golden hoard found in Prague-Josefov, U starého hřbitova No. 248. Notes to finds of ducats from the pre-Jagiellon period in Prague . Numismatické listy. Prague: National Museum, 2017, 72(3-4), 99-146. ISSN 0029-6074. Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/nl/72-3-4/zlaty-poklad-z-prahy-josefova-u-stareho-hrbitova-cp-248-k-nalezum-dukatu-predjagellonske-doby-v-praze-golden-hoard-found-in-prague-josefov-u-stareho-hrbitova-no-248-notes-to-finds-of-ducats-from-the-pre-jagiellon-period-in-prague|
The hoard was discovered before Christmas in 1928 during additional demolition of the foundations of the Jewish hospital, under its foundations, very close to the Jewish cemetery in Prague-Josefov. It used to consist of at least 33 gold coins in a clay bowl. Thirty two coins are represented by the Hungarian ducats struck under Sigismund I of Luxembourg (1387–1437) in Buda (18 pcs), Kremnice (Kremnitz, 7 pcs), Košice (Cassovia, 6 pcs) and Velká Baňa (Nagybánya, 1 pc) before 1430, and one coin is English noble struck under Edward III (1327–1377) in Calais. The hoard is one of three known hoards from Prague with gold issues dating back to the pre-Jagiellon period. It was hidden under the wall of the building in place where the Jewish settlement expanded. The owners of the house – of various origins – changed quickly, and since 1440, the building has been owned continuously by the Jewish community. In time of the burial of the hoard, the house was very likely owned by the Prague brewmaster called Hanuško from Prague (1418–1429/1431, 1440) or by the saddler called Václav Paznehtík (1429/1431–before 1433). The hoard was not reported by the finders, the police detected them soon, and they were brought to the court and sentenced to jail. The National Museum bought the part of the hoard for the numismatic collection in 1930.