Antonín Dvořák: The Opera Composer
|Keywords||Antonín Dvořák – Bedřich Smetana – Marie Červinková-Riegrová – Prague – Vienna – 19th century opera – Czech national opera – grand opéra – opéra-comique – fairytale opera – music drama (Musikdrama) – number opera|
|Citation||POSPÍŠIL, Milan. Antonín Dvořák: The Opera Composer. Musicalia. Journal of the Czech Museum of Music / Časopis Českého muzea hudby . Prague: National Museum, 2014, 6(1-2), 6–27. ISSN 1803-7828 (Print), 2533-5634 (Online). Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/mjotcmom/6-1-2/antonin-dvorak-the-opera-composer|
Antonín Dvořák (1841–1904) has achieved international recognition as a composer of instrumental music but not of Czech national opera. Like Bedřich Smetana, he built up a Czech national opera with a diversity of operatic genres. He dealt with various stimuli including, in particular, German Romantic opera, opéra-comique including Smetana’s comic and folk operas, historical grand operas, and fairytale operas. Dvořák approached opera from the departure point of a symphonic conception of the opera orchestra. His contribution on a Europe-wide scale consists of his own original merger of opera with self-contained numbers with the Wagnerian principle of orchestral commentary and his enriching of fairytale opera with instances of unique material and expression.