Western Influences in Southeast Asian Paintings Comparison of a Balinese Ink Painting and of two Malaysian Graffiti Artworks
|Keywords||Bali, Kuala Lumpur, Ink Painting, Rosita Charlotta Urbanová (1888–1978), Graffiti Art, Hafiz Ab Rahman aka KATUN (1986), Indonesia, Malaysia, Western Influences.|
|Type of Article||Peer-reviewed|
|Citation||NOVAK, David. Western Influences in Southeast Asian Paintings Comparison of a Balinese Ink Painting and of two Malaysian Graffiti Artworks. Annals of the Náprstek Museum. Prague: National Museum, 2012, 33(1), 101–116. ISSN 0231-844X (print), 2533-5685 (online). Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/annals-of-the-naprstek-museum/33-1/western-influences-in-southeast-asian-paintings-comparison-of-a-balinese-ink-painting-and-of-two-malaysian-graffiti-artworks|
Balinese ink paintings started to be created in the 1930s only after Western influences created suitable conditions in Bali. Of major importance were the European painters Walter Spies and Rudolf Bonnet, who decided to live long term in Bali. The artwork discussed in this article is a Balinese ink painting collected by the Czech painter and collector Rosita Charlotta Urbanová and the other artworks are two graffiti paintings by the Malaysian graffiti artist Hafiz Ab Rahman aka KATUN. The dissemination of graffiti art into Malaysia was inspired and influenced by hip-hop culture, skateboarding and also through visits of Malaysians to Western countries. The latest trends in Malaysian graffiti art have shown artists trying to nationalize, localize and anchor graffiti art in Malaysian culture. A comparison of the Balinese ink painting and the two Malaysian graffiti artworks highlights interesting parallels, especially the resemblance of the human profile faces in the selected artworks.