On the Afrotropical species of Myrmoplasta (Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae)
Jaroslav L. Stehlík
Myrmoplasta kmenti sp. nov. (brachypterous morph) from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire), and macropterous morph of M. mira Gerstäcker, 1892, from Swaziland are described. New distributional records of M. vittiventris Carlini, 1894, from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania are given. Myrmoplasta potteri Martin, 1900, syn. nov., and M. potteri var. nigra Courteaux, 1922, syn. nov., are considered junior synonyms of M. vittiventris, and M. pseudomira Ahmad & Zaidi, 1987, syn. nov., a junior synonym of M. mira. The ancestral stock of the genus Myrmoplasta Gerstäcker, 1892, and the phylogenetic relationships of its Afrotropical species are discussed.