German Biographers of Bohuslav of Lobkowicz and Hassenstein and their Attitude toward Bohemia
|Citation||VACULÍNOVÁ, Marta. German Biographers of Bohuslav of Lobkowicz and Hassenstein and their Attitude toward Bohemia. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae – Historia litterarum. Prague: National Museum, 2007, 52(1-4), 39–44. ISSN 0036-5351. Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/acta-musei-nationalis-pragae-historia-litterarum/52-1-4/german-biographers-of-bohuslav-of-lobkowicz-and-hassenstein-and-their-attitude-toward-bohemia|
The signifi cance of Bohuslav of Lobkowicz reached far beyond the borders of the Czech Kingdom, as can be seen from the interest of German scholars in his life and work. Although his writings were not published during his lifetime, he was known as a prominent Latin writer and as an owner of remarkable library. His fame survived him, so that soon after his death, German humanists (Reusner, Fabricius, later Graefi us, Succovius and Feller) attempt to publish his opus. During the recatholization of Bohemia, Bohuslav’s writings were not published at home, because of their obvious criticism of the Church. Neither was much attention paid to his person. However, in protestant Germany, we fi nd two biographies: Christoph August Heumann’s Programma quo Bohuslai Hassensteinii nomen atque ingenium immeritae prorsus obscuritati… subductum, (Goettingen, 1717) and Commentatio historica de Bohuslai Hassensteini liberi baronis Lobcovici vita et summis in rem literariam meritis (Wittenberg, 1721) by Johann Christoph Colerus. We tried to discern the attitude toward the Czech Kingdom and Country from the extant sources, published correspondence and biographies. Results of that effort were not satisfactory. Both authors try mainly to fi ll in blanc spots in the literary history of their day. A printed catalog of Heumann’s library, containing some bohemica, was a valuable source of information. Although neither of the biographies revealed new information, (both used sources of which we have been aware), they helped to preserve Bohuslav Lobkowicz’ memory both in Germany and in Bohemia and inspired his later biographers. Among those, the most important was Ignatius Cornova who adequately recognized the merits of his German predecessors.