Czechoslovak Media Control in the 50's of the 20th Century
|Citation||GROMAN, Martin. Czechoslovak Media Control in the 50's of the 20th Century. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae – Historia litterarum. Prague: National Museum, 2008, 53(1-4), 57-63. ISSN 0036-5351. Also available from: https://publikace.nm.cz/en/periodicals/acta-musei-nationalis-pragae-historia-litterarum/53-1-4/czechoslovak-media-control-in-the-50s-of-the-20th-century|
The present study investigates basic principles, legislative framework and control methods of the press and media as such in Czechoslovakia after 1948. It analyses the following theory: media, even in a centralized–power country like Czechoslovakia after 1948, do not work on the principle of magic wand. They rather resemble a model where all elements of the regime more or less influence communication (or rather propaganda), i .e. elements ranging from the government and the communist party towards lower levels of state power to the media and finally the public. The study concludes that after February 1948 the whole system of power (and so called media policy in particular) never relied solely on the leading communist party which would simply establish a unified system of governing and society control lasting at least until the society revolt of the 60's. The development was notably more structured and can be observed on examples of Czech periodicals (a concrete example illustrates a particular procedure the communist party used to seize the press of other political parties in various regions as early as in February 1948.).